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El Salvador

Welcome to the price transmission page for El Salvador. This page enables you to look into the country and its crops more specifically to gain an understanding of the level of risk and also, to view its historic warning periods per commodity. Select a time range or a specific date to view the data in more detail.

El Salvador

Historic Warnings per Commodity

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Background information

El Salvador is the most densely populated country in Central America. Following decades of political and economic instability, the country is now the fourth-largest in that region. The diversification of the economy from its high dependence on coffee to manufacturing is ongoing. Natural resources include hydro- and geothermal power next to petroleum. Remittances from Salvadorians living abroad account for roughly one-fifth of gross domestic product.

Agriculture has once been the mainstay of the economy with indigo plant and coffee. The latter once accounted for 90% of export earnings. Coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton and sorghum account now for around one-tenth of GDP. Roughly one-fifth of the total labor force is employed in agriculture. The sector is overall highly vulnerable to natural catastrophes such as earthquakes, hurricanes and volcanic activity, which lead to recurrent food and nutrition insecurity. Nowadays, El Salvador is a net food importer.

Currently, El Salvador experiences a demographic transition with slower population growth. The HDI (2014) value for the middle-income country is 0.666, which put the country in the medium human development category. Despite the high rank, the country faces poverty, inequality and crime. According to the GHI (2015), roughly 12% of the population is undernourished. Increased environmental vulnerability, impacting food availability, food access and food consumption during and after a disaster, lead to recurrent food insecurity.