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Lesotho

Welcome to the price transmission page for Lesotho. This page enables you to look into the country and its crops more specifically to gain an understanding of the level of risk and also, to view its historic warning periods per commodity. Select a time range or a specific date to view the data in more detail.

Lesotho

Historic Warnings per Commodity

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Background information

Lesotho is a small, landlocked enclave of South Africa, dependent on textile manufacturing and agriculture. Thereby, it only produces less than one-fifth of the nation’s demand for food. The country relies heavily on South Africa: roughly 90% of the consumption goods, especially most agricultural inputs, are imported from the neighboring country.

About three-quarters of the two million people live in rural areas across the mountainous landscape and engage in animal herding or subsistence agriculture. Consequently, agriculture is an important livelihood activity, although the sector’s overall productivity is low and highly vulnerable to weather and climate variability. Agricultural products include among other corn, wheat, pulses, sorghum, barley and livestock. Maize is the staple diet.

Lesotho has the highest death rate worldwide, which also correlates with a comparably low population growth rate, high infant mortality rate and low life expectancy at birth.  The key driver for the excess mortality is HIV/AIDS, as around a quarter of the adult population is infected. However, the government aims at spending around one-tenth of the GDP for health expenditures. In terms of the HDI (2014), Lesotho ranks at the lower end of the global scale with a score of 0.497 mainly because of to the very low life expectancy. The GHI (2015) for this country is 23.5, with around 11.2% of the population being undernourished.